The New Chicago School of Philosophy

by Bart Schultz

The original 'Chicago School of Philosophy' was the version of philosophical pragmatism promoted primarily by John Dewey after he moved to the University of Chicago in 1894. Dewey's views, emphasizing anti-foundationalism, participatory democratic community, and educational reform to advance democratic citizenship, led to both the foundation of the University of Chicago Laboratory School and a critique of the elitist tendencies of the University of Chicago under its first president, William Rainey Harper.

The pragmatist revival that began in the 1970s and 80s with the work of such philosophers as Richard Rorty and Hilary Putnam compellingly revisited and reconstructed many aspects of Deweyan pragmatism; but it largely failed to revisit and reconstruct anything like Dewey's critique of institutions of higher education, despite the ever increasing relevance of that critique to the structure of higher education in North America.

Schultz's essay draws on the work of the University of Chicago Civic Knowledge Project, which has worked to reconstruct the Deweyan legacy to provide a better model of 'civic engagement' than those informing the educational policies of today - establishing, in effect, a 'New Chicago School of Philosophy'.

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About the Author


Bart Schultz

Bart Schultz is Senior Lecturer in the Humanities (Philosophy) and Director of the Civic Knowledge Project at the University of Chicago, where he has taught since 1987. His books include Essays on Henry Sidgwick (Cambridge, 1992), Henry Sidgwick: Eye of the Universe (Cambridge, 2004, winner of the American Philosophical Society's Jacques Barzun Prize in Cultural History for 2004), Utilitarianism and Empire (Lexington, 2005), and The Happiness Philosophers: Lives of the Eminent Utilitarians (Princeton, 2016). He is on the Editorial Board of Utilitas, the leading professional journal of utilitarian studies, and serves on the Board of Directors of PLATO (Philosophy Learning and Teaching Organization). Through the Civic Knowledge Project he has developed a number of public ethics programs, including the precollegiate philosophy program Winning Words, winner of the 2012 American Philosophical Association's PDC Prize for Excellence and Innovation in Philosophy Programs.